Archive
Computers
Ad: Designed for Science (May, 1954)

Designed for Science

In many ways the E. R. A. 1103 is the most advanced data-handling system yet devised. By tremendous speed, large storage capacity, and great programming versatility, the system assures ideal handling of the most intricate computations.

Adding to its very high speed is an exceptionally fast memory-reference system which keeps the system’s 17,408 internal storage registers directly accessible. Computing time is reduced still further — as is programming time — by use of a simplified form of two-address logic.

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MACHINE SOLVES HARD PROBLEMS (Dec, 1930)

MACHINE SOLVES HARD PROBLEMS

A “mechanical Einstein,” the brains of which are a set of electric relays, helps engineers of the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company solve problems that would require days or weeks of figuring with pencil and paper.

The device resembles a giant telephone switchboard. When an engineer desires the solution of a complicated equation, he simply plugs in certain wires and turns proper knobs. It will reveal all the “unknown quantities” of power transmission systems.

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IBM Ad: Parade with a purpose (Sep, 1955)

IBM Leadership in action…

Parade with a purpose

Today, an almost endless parade of IBM punched cards serves business, industry, and government in widely varied roles—as vital aids in routine record keeping, as checks and money orders, airline tickets, utility bills, insurance premium notices, and many, many other kinds of accounting documents.

But even more significant than the part they play in your daily life—these millions of IBM punched cards are vital evidence of real progress in better business methods.

They represent the solution to practical business problems.

IBM’s on-the-job experience and continued progress in advanced equipment design are helping American industry work better and faster—at less cost.

International Business Machines Corporation
New York 22, N. Y.

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sensational new “fact-power” unleashed by Remington Rand UNIVAC (Sep, 1952)

sensational new “fact-power” unleashed by Remington Rand UNIVAC

Yesterday, “impossible”… today, an accomplished fact —

Now, for the first time, a commercial or industrial firm can have — first thing any morning — complete facts and figures, analyzed and summarized, on its previous day’s performance … in production, in sales, in procurement or any other major or minor activity.

The almost unbelievable feats of Remington Rand Univac in computing, sorting, classifying and reporting business data enable management executives to formulate “fact-powered” decisions in the merest fraction of the time previously required. Also, highly pertinent analyses and forecasts that were never even attempted before, are now easy and almost completely automatic. Univac has cleared the way for phenomenal improvements
in the coordination of business facilities.

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Ad: Computer Operation in Real-Time . . . (Mar, 1956)

Operation in Real-Time . . .
In the field of missile development, there’s only one commercially available digital computer capable of real-time performance — the famous Univac® Scientific. It’s the ideal system for flight simulation and for on-line data reduction. It solves complex problems from purely sensed data at speeds that are compatible with real-time control.

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The remarkable transistor observes its 10th birthday (Jun, 1958)

The remarkable transistor observes its 10th birthday

In 1948, Bell Telephone Laboratories announced the invention of the transistor. In 1958, the transistor provided the radio voice for the first United States satellite.

To advance the transistor to its high level of usefulness, Bell Labs solved problems which, in themselves, approached the invention of the transistor itself in scientific achievement.

First, there had to be germanium of flawless structure and unprecedented purity. This was obtained by growing large single crystals —and creating the “zone refining” technique which reduces impurities to one part in ten billion.

The junction transistor, another radical advance, spurred transistor use. Easier to design, lower in noise, higher in gain and efficiency, it became the heart of the new electronics.

An ingenious technique for diffusing a microscopically thin layer on semiconductors was created. The resulting “diffused base” transistor, a versatile broadband amplifier, made possible the wide use of transistorized circuits in telephony, FM, television, computers and missiles.

In telephony the transistor began its career in the Direct Distance Dialing system which sends called telephone numbers from one exchange to another. For Bell System communications, the transistor has made possible advances which would have been impossible or impractical a brief decade ago.

BELL TELEPHONE LABORATORIES

WORLD CENTER OF COMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

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Monroe Velvet Touch 800 Adding Machine (Feb, 1956)

It’s New…It’s Fast…It’s Elegant

Monroe Velvet Touch 800 Adding Machine

The new colorful Monroe “800″ gives your business the unmistakable forward look—provides the “touch of velvet” that makes anyone a figuring expert. Its beauty of design and advanced precision keyboard bring gracious decor and streamlined efficiency to the truly modern office. Under this distinctive case is a mechanism built to endure for years to come.

Monroe Calculating Machine Company, Inc. General Offices: Orange, New Jersey. Offices throughout the world.
See the MAN from MONROE for
CALCULATING
ADDING
ACCOUNTING
DATA PROCESSING MACHINES

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COMPUTER with MEMORY Speeds Inventory (May, 1956)

COMPUTER with MEMORY Speeds Inventory

MAKING molehills out of mountains of paper work, “Bizmac” will do in minutes inventory control procedures that formerly took months. Its high-speed memory, an electronic “scratchpad,” can “remember” stored data indefinitely and—on signal —release it in millionths of a second.

Developed by Radio Corporation of America over a five-year period for standard business operations, this four-million-dollar electronic data-processing system has just been installed by the U. S. Army at the Ordnance Tank-Automotive Command in Detroit. It was designed to perform electronically most of the voluminous clerical procedures involved in OTAC’s world-wide stock control program.

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World’s First All-Electronic Programmable Computer (ENIAC) (Apr, 1946)

It’s interesting that for all of their excitement about ENIAC and future computers, people still only thought of computers as giant calculators. I guess that’s because they hadn’t been paired with a reliable storage mechanism yet. It’s hard to have an airline database without a place to store the fares and tickets…

Lightning Strikes Mathematics

EQUATIONS THAT SPELL PROGRESS ARE SOLVED BY ELECTRONICS

By ALLEN ROSE

SOME day, travelers may step out of a plane in San Francisco 10 minutes, by local clocks, before they left New York. That day has been brought closer by the work of two brilliant young engineers at the Moore Electrical Engineering School, University of Pennsylvania. Dr. John W. Mauchly (38) and J. Presper Eckert, Jr. (26) have designed and built, with an assist from Army Ordnance, the world’s first all-electronic computer. The speed and scope of this digital wizard will revolutionize methods of modern industrial design. It is expected to put mathematics back into industry as an economical, rapid tool, saving months of figure work and accomplishing part of the presently impossible. The plane, rocket, or wing, in which a passenger may travel well over 1,000 miles per hour is now just a ghost on a blueprint. Engineers at Republic Aviation Corporation say it is hidden somewhere under a huge mass of highly complicated mathematical equations. The engineers believe that those equations must be completely analyzed before any promises can be made about super-sonic speeds. The Eniac (Electronic Numerical Integrater and Computer) has made complete mathematical analysis of that kind feasible for the first time.

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Pro Football From Abacus To Computer (Oct, 1968)

Pro Football From Abacus To Computer

By Gene Ward

When it came schedule-making time in the National Football League, Commissioner Bert Bell used to lock himself in a suite of rooms at the Racquet Club in Philadelphia, sharpen a gross of pencils and stop all incoming calls.

He was a gregarious soul, this man who guided the pro game through its growing-pains era and he dreaded the self-imposed seclusion as a skipper of an ocean liner dreads being beached.

“But there is just no other way to do it,” he once told me. “Every owner has his pet ideas as to the schedule he wants his team to play, so the only solution is to do it myself and present it as fait accompli.”

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