Archive
Computers
Automatic Betting Board Ousts ‘Bookie’ From Race Track (Sep, 1929)

Automatic Betting Board Ousts ‘Bookie’ From Race Track

Practically eliminating the “bookie” of the race track, this automatic totalizer shows the betting odds on all horses racing, the total of races won and lost, and all details necessary to make a bet. The huge board is operated electrically from central controls, where reports of the races are received. A keyboard much like that of a typewriter regulates the rollers showing tallies. Reports are obtained by telephone directly from the judges’ stand.

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The first four notes of Beethoven’s Fifth. (Oct, 1982)

The first four notes of Beethoven’s Fifth.
Musical notes like these never existed before 3M invented the Digital Mastering System.

It uses computer technology to record every nuance of a piece of music in binary numbers. So that when reproduced, every note can be heard with such uncanny crispness and clarity, you can hear music the way Beethoven wanted it to be heard.

At 3M, by listening to people’s needs, we’ve pioneered over 400 products to serve the needs of the communication arts field. We’ve developed everything from videocassettes to lithographers tape to photo offset plates.

All because at 3M, we’re in the business of hearing. So let us hear from you.

3M hears you…

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HOW SCIENCE SPEEDS THE COUNTING OF 40,000,000 VOTES (Dec, 1940)

Willkie or Roosevelt?
HOW SCIENCE SPEEDS THE COUNTING OF 40,000,000 VOTES

HUMMING over wires from every corner of the nation, election returns in a few days will bring the answer to the question of America’s 40,000,000 voters: Who’s elected ?

Years ago, many days would pass before positive results of a Presidential election were known. Today it is a matter of hours and minutes. To make this possible, a scientific network of communication machines—teletypes, telephones, telegraph, and radio—manned by an army of workers, has been recruited and promises the earliest election returns in history. But nothing will aid the vote gatherers more than the voting machines that this year number 35,000 in twenty-two states.

First used around the turn of the century, the voting machine, by reason of its speed, accuracy, and honesty, has come up in popularity until this year it will tabulate nearly a third of the votes cast.

So you may see how modern high-speed machines count the votes, Popular Science selected a typical Mr. and Mrs. America and, in the series of pictures that follows, starts you around the clock with them on Election Day and shows you how they may well know on the same night “who’s elected!”

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What’s New IN ELECTRONICS (Jun, 1979)

What’s New IN ELECTRONICS

BY WILLIAM J. HAWKINS

Game/teacher
Hook Intellivision to your color TV and its preprogrammed software lets you do everything from play games to learn a language. It has 60-by-92-line graphics in 16 colors. With keyboard, it’s $499. Maker: Mattel Electronics, 5150 Rosecrans Ave., Hawthorne, Calif. 90250.

The everything set
It’s a carry-along entertainment and information center—AM, FM, CB, public service, aircraft, and weather bands, three-inch TV, cassette tape—along with a built-in mike and sleep switch. Six D cells power it. It’s $249.95, from Sampo, 1050 Arthur Ave., Elk Grove Village, III. 60007.

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COMPUTERS THE ELECTRIC BRAINS (Jan, 1958)

This is the chapter about computers from a really cool text book called The World of Science, published by Golden Books in 1954.
You don’t often see people entering using a keypad with their middle finger…

THE ELECTRIC BRAINS

THE BRAIN AT REST

Along one wall of the room tall gray cabinets are ranged. They contain the “gray matter” of the electronic brain. From the front they look as blank as a face without a thought. But open the doors at the back and you will see thousands upon thousands of tiny electric circuits wired with pink, blue, green, and orange wires. Those are the “nerve cells” of the brain.

Along another wall in smaller cabinets the brain’s “slow memory” or reference library is stored. Its “fast memory” is on a magnetized drum or other device inside the machine.

A neat, desk-sized set-up in the center of the room is what we might call the brain’s “ear.” This is where it receives its instructions.

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Big-Brother 7074 Is Watching You (Mar, 1963)

Interesting article about the consequences of computerization at the IRS.

Big-Brother 7074 Is Watching You

By 473-28-0247 (Gannon, Robert)

No more chance to outwit the tax collector. His ultimate weapon—the 7074 computer—is about to take over the examination of our tax returns

IN THE rolling West Virginia hills, just east of Martinsburg, squats a low-slung, brick and cinder-block building. Inside, in a starkly antiseptic, 40-foot room, the head of a many-tentacled IBM computer waits patiently for your tax return.

If you live in a southeastern state, your time is up; a few days after you file this year, the machine will digest your forms, think about your figures for a millifraction of a second, spit them out if unsatisfied. If you live in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, or Washington, D.C, you have a year of grace; your turn will come next spring. By 1966, returns from every taxpayer in the U.S. will be fed to the Martinsburg machine.

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Photographic Data Storage For Computers (Jan, 1948)

This is a pretty crazy way to store data.

Camera Snaps Answers
To speed recording answers in computing machines, Kodak has made a new camera that snaps 1,000 12-digit numbers a second. The numbers are photographed from a cathode-ray tube as spots; retranslated into electrical impulses by photoelectric tubes as desired for feeding back into the computer. Mosaic above is film section enlarged 25 times. A 100-foot strip holds 3,000,000 digits.

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FOR THE MATHEMATICIAN who’s ahead of his time (Feb, 1956)

FOR THE MATHEMATICIAN who’s ahead of his time

IBM is looking for a special kind of mathematician, and will pay especially well for his abilities.
This man is a pioneer, an educator—with a major or graduate degree in Mathematics, Physics, or Engineering with Applied Mathematics equivalent.

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ERA Computation Center (Feb, 1953)

Announcing the ERA Computation Center
for Programming, Problem Analysis, Machine Computation

A Complete New Computing Service … for industries and government agencies confronted with large-scale data-processing problems.

Flexibility of Service … permits you to utilize the facilities you need … ERA specialists will handle your problems from problem analysis to final results . . . various services may be purchased singly or in any combination.

The ERA 1101 Computer … is the core of the new ERA Computation Center. ERA’s extensive experience in programming and operating the 1101 assures efficient processing of your problems.

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Machine Translates 1000 Words (Nov, 1932)

Machine Translates 1000 Words

MACHINES can do almost everything but actually think, and a mechanism recently devised by a French language teacher almost does that, for it can translate one thousand words of French into English and vice versa.

The mechanical translator employed in teaching conversational English to Paris police, is seen below. On it is written an English statement, and on the various panels appear questions about this statement. Pressing a button marked in both English and French flashes on the questions and their interpretation.

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