Electronic “brains” rely on COPPER!
Today, electronic computers pre-test the performance of guided missiles . . . forecast next year’s sales . . . build safer bridges . . . and guide 5,000 freight cars a day through the mazes of 65 trunk lines in a single railroad yard.
You simply dial your instructions to these modern computers; they obey faster than thought.
But they need copper to operate.
Like nerves to the human head, copper wires transmit impulses to and from electronic “brains”. Other vital computer parts are of copper, too.
Perhaps your product doesn’t need to “think” . . . just act. Make it of copper and you make sure of performance no substitute can equal.
COPPER & BRASS
420 Lexington Avenue, New York 17, N.Y.
… AN INDUSTRY SOURCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL AID. INCLUDING A LIBRARY OF TECHNICAL LITERATURE AND A COUNCIL OF SPECIALISTS
COPPER OR ITS ALLOYS PROVIDE THESE ADVANTAGES:
New Calculating Wizard
EDSAC, a British cousin of our electronic mathematical brains, such as ENIAC and ED VAC (PS, May ’47, p. 95), will handle 10,000 multiplications a minute. Now under construction at England’s Cambridge University, EDSAC will remember details of calculations and use “judgment” in choosing the best way to reach a result.
A large mathematical machine must be able to store information and refer to it. This requirement has stimulated the evolution of information-storage units based on various physical effects
by Louis N. Ridenour
A computing machine capable of solving problems must possess a “memory” or, less poetically, an “information-storage unit.” The recent history of improvements in computing machines has been largely a history of improving memory devices. No ideal system has yet been found, but there has been a great deal of progress within the past decade, and several promising new developments are on the horizon.
THERE ARE ROBOTS AMONG US
By WILLIAM TENN
Electronic robots, in one form or another, are influencing our daily lives . . . are we due for an “electronic revolution”?
THE AGE OF SCIENCE has made the word “robot” the focus of popular fears and hopes. The hope is that machines with minds, machines that can talk, think, and work like men, will give everyone a life of leisure. The fear is that robots will replace mankind, that they might run amuck and destroy their masters, that the robots will get us if we don’t watch out. What was conceived as a work-saving machine has become the popular bogeyman of the age of science.
The robot nightmare hasn’t been with us long, a little over 25 years. It pops up in films, in fiction, in newspaper editorials, every time someone develops a more advanced piece of programing for automatic machinery. When Remington Rand unveiled a computer which responded to written commands in ordinary English rather than computer code, prophets of mechanical doom made dire predictions on the future of mankind.
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Division of Remington Rand.
1902 West Minnehaha Avenue, Dept. 5-4, St. Paul W4, Minnesota
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I think that Mr. Colbert would disagree.
Yesterday… “The Fates” Decided
In the 6th century, B. C, King Croesus of Lydia was told by the Delphic Oracles he could defeat the Persians. Relying on “The Fates” instead of the facts, he took on an enemy he should have known was too strong for him .. .and he was badly beaten. Lack of facts cost him his kingdom and his freedom.
Today… Facts Are What Count
The recent great strides in military science, pure science, commerce, and industry have resulted from modern man’s ability to determine the facts and act accordingly.
Tremendous advances have been made in the past few years in fact-finding machines. Through electronics, great masses of data that would have taken a lifetime to process can now be handled in a few days. Ordinary volumes of work can be done in minutes.
By making “mathematical models” of specific processes, products, or situations, man today can predetermine probable results, minimize risks and costs.
World’s Leading Producer of Electronic Accounting Machines
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES, 590 Madison Ave., N. Y. 22, N. Y.
Tiny Drum With a Big Memory
THIS 6 oz. stainless steel memory drum holds more than 10,000 bits of information recorded on its magnetic surface. Designed for airborne computers, it can hold as much information as larger, conventional drums.
Because the drum is a thin shell, most of its mass is concentrated at the surface, where it provides maximum strength and rigidity to withstand severe vibrations and shock. A lightweight frame surrounding the drum holds magnetic pickup and recording heads imbedded in rectangular blocks of plastic called slider bearings. These bearings slide over the surface of the drum on a cushion of air, staying only 100 millionths of an inch away from the drum. International Business Machines Corp., New York, designed it to withstand more than 15 times the force of gravity.
In the mid 50′s every company on earth made their own computers.
What’s 500 times faster than a sliderule?
Today’s quick answer to mathematical problems for engineers and designers is GEDA â€” the Goodyear Electronic Differential Analyzer. GEDA uses voltages and wave forms to compute in an hour the most complex math problems that would take 500 man-hours or more, using slide rule methodsâ€”acts as an “electrical brain” that can solve any problem from trajectories of space rockets to improvement of workflow through factories.
The newest GEDA, Model L3, is smaller, more compact and easier to operate than other electronic computersâ€”occupies no more space than the average desk. After brief instruction, clerical workers are able to operate GEDA.
What are the curved characters?
Anyone can draw an accurate picture of the American flag on a typewriter, according to Menno Fast, a relief worker in Poland. Fast read a recent Popular Mechanics article on drawing pictures with a typewriter. He submits a drawing of the flag as proof that it can be made on an ordinary typewriter using standard spacing. The flag, with a full 13 stripes and 48 stars, appears to be rippling in the wind.
Billed by its makers as the smartest electronic brain ever built is a giant computer called the NORC, for Naval Ordnance Research Calculator. The NORC was designed for high-speed calculation heretofore impossible because of the time involved. For instance, it can perform 15,-000 arithmetical operations a second, or a billion in less than 24 hours. This is the equivalent of a thousand persons calculating on paper for a lifetime.