STRUCTURE & DESIGN
Compassionate hospital design for Philadelphia
Ruthless removal of trees in Europe
The Economist’s new mews in London
How to figure inflation in construction
Skyscrapers assume new forms
Editor Walter McQuade, A.I.A.
Research Associates Mary Jane Lightbown Jeanne Krause
A Hospital Designed to Comfort the Patients
The starchy, sanitary quality of the architecture of most hospitals often makes them oppressive to the sick. A warm and welcome corrective to this tendency will soon rise in Philadelphia, where a $4,200,000 hospital for the care of cancer patients has been designed deliberately to create a humane and appealing atmosphere.
The City – Design for Living
by Lewis Mumford
The city as a purely physical fact has been subject to numerous investigations. But what is the city as a social institution? The earlier answers to these questions, in Aristotle, Plato and the Utopian writers from Sir Thomas More to Robert Owen have been on the whole more satisfactory than those of the more systematic sociologists. Most contemporary treatises on “urban sociology” in America throw no important light upon the problem.
Architecture’s Leap into the Future
Photographed by MARK KAUFFMAN and MICHAEL ROUGIER It could have been the imagery of a mad poet or a god. A transparent bubble flung up by the U.S. breaks the sky 20 stories high, and across the way the Russians have hung walls of glass on a ski jump of a roof. The architecture of Expo 67, Montreal’s world’s fair which opens this week, is a stunning leap into tomorrow. The West Germans came with a tent you could lose a small town in and draped it over giant poles.
St. Louis’ two-legged tower: Tallest U.S. Monument
By Charles Remsberg
Illustrated by Ray Pioch
A SOARING arch 630 feet high, and of equal span, will soon be the tallest monument in the U.S. Its gleaming skin will be made of 886 tons of stainless steel, biggest single order on record. Trains with ingenious drum-shaped cars will run up and down inside it. Called the Gateway Arch, it forms the spectacular centerpiece of St. Louis’ new $30 million Jefferson National Ex- pansion Memorial Park. It symbolizes the city’s role as the gateway to the West after the Louisiana Purchase of 1803.
KAISER’S “CHASSIS” HOMES
They’re assembled from factory-built units, but they don’t look alike
What Henry J. Kaiser is already doing to meet the housing shortage in the Los Angeles area he regards as a sample of what he will be doing shortly near Detroit, Portland (Oregon), and other of our cities. Teamed up with Fritz B. Burns, veteran Los Angeles land developer, Kaiser is completing 1,700 homes near the California city, and before the year is over he expects to put up 10,000 more, there and elsewhere.
Germany Is Going Modernistic in Designing Unique Eating Places
GERMANY, one of the homes of modernism, is setting a rapid pace for architects and designers everywhere, this odd, mushroom shaped building being but one example of their efforts to attain the novel and unique in architecture.
This building, which houses a restaurant overlooking the Rhine River, is three stories high. Administrative offices, checking rooms, washrooms and the kitchens occupy the two lower floors. The upper floor contains private dining rooms, bar room and public dining balcony that hangs out over the river.
Flowing Space That’s Sprayed on Burlap
This grotto-like edifice near Minneapolis is a monument to modern-day spray-can culture. It is a house—made of sprayed-on polyurethane foam—with 10 rooms and 4,000 unsquare feet of floor space. Its builder-owner, James Littlejohn of Maple Plain, Minn., got the idea for it when he and his wife Letabeth went to ask Minneapolis Architect Winslow Wedin to modernize their kitchen. “While we were waiting, we noticed some weird pictures of what looked like a small plastic summerhouse,” says Letabeth. “We were curious, asked about it and forgot the kitchen.
Smashing Down Skyscrapers for Progress
by BENNETT LINCOLN
Every day, wreckers in New York and other big cities crash down millions of dollars worth of skyscrapers which are still sound in construction and capable of many years of service. Why this seeming waste? Factors which pronounce death sentences on buildings are set forth in this article.
The liberated house
— no hookups — it rolls anywhere and lives off the sun and earth An ingenious structure integrates many energy-conserving technologies
By EVERETT H. ORTNER
PHOTOS BY THE AUTHOR AND KRISTEN PETERSON Was this the American home of the future—this cross between a submarine and a World War II Quonset hut, this metal half-sausage afloat on a sea of mud?
Probably not. My hosts, its designer-builders, Ted Bakewell III and Michael E. Jantzen, had other objectives in mind for their Autonomous Dwelling Vehicle—even though it may well unite more house-of-the-future conservation concepts, technologies, and materials that have ever been brought together in one structure. Their goal was to build a trailerable structure that would:
Pyramid Apartment House
EVERY tenant has an outside apart ment in a pyramid-shaped house de signed by Edwin A. Koch, New York architect. Some time ago, Koch planned a bank of apartments for a steeply sloping hillside. Then the bold idea occurred to him of joining four of the dwellings, back to back in a pattern like a cross, with the result shown above.