NEW in SCIENCE
Navy’s Newest Copter is the Kaman HTK-1 eggbeater with two intermeshing rotors. It is easy to fly and exceptionally stable. Photo at upper left shows blower for engine cooling and servo-tab on rotor blade used for control in flight.
Land-Anywhere Plane is a Piper Cub exported to Rome, Italy where Count Giovanni Bonmartini attached his trick landing gear. It is a tank-track type which enables the plane to land on rough terrain. It fits any small plane.
Jumping from the Sky
Diving out of an airplane is nothing to Buddy Bushmeyer, who is now regarded as the Greatest Dare-Devil of the Air.
By BUDDY BUSHMEYER
FOR seven years, I have been leaping into thin air and trusting to parachutes. I have landed in watermelon patches in Missouri, missed boulders on Colorado mountain sides, come whirling down at fifty miles an hour in a parachute spin. I have barely avoided high tension wires and once I came within what seemed an inch of dropping helpless out of the sky in front of a speeding train.
When this article first came out the Bell X-1 had been flying since 25 January 1946 and would go on to fly supersonic 14 October 1947.
Three Routes to SUPERSONIC FLIGHT
ENGINEERS, striving to build a flying machine that will carry human beings faster than the speed of sound, have only three modes of flight with which to do it. These illustrations, used by Douglas engineers to explain the basic theories of flight, portray the principles upon which supersonic aviation must depend—until science thinks up something new.
Switchyard for Air Liners
The Problem: The mess of string on a map (above, at right) at the Airborne Instruments Laboratory in Mineola, N. Y., shows New York City’s air-traffic problem. There are almost 600 strands, representing that many scheduled air-line flights every 24 hours. In good weather, traffic control is no problem; when ceiling and visibility are low, it’s a prime headache. What can be done to remedy it?
Russia’s Air-Minded Women
Right—Claudia Schacht, champion parachute jumper of the U. S. S. R., it shown with full paraphernalia just before entering a plane for a leap into space. Aviation officials say that women jumpers have less fear than men and never hesitate before jumping from the plane. In contrast to Miss Schacht, who is about to take off for her jump. Valya Lazareva, a student at a parachute school, is shown as she landed after her first jump.
Over 50 years later and this technology is still incredibly hard to get to work right, though I think it’s one of those things where fast computers and accurate sensors help a lot.
The VTO Story
Aviation is taking a new direction—straight up with weird vertical take-off designs.
By David W. Barclay
VTO means vertical take-off and it’s an old story if you’re talking about balloons which have been taking passengers straight up since 1783. But it’s a new concept in heavier-than-air machines, even though one of Cierva’s Autogiro’s went straight up as long ago as 1935.
Today a marvelous variety of experimental aircraft is being studied with one object in view—a VTO design that has the forward speed of a plane. The helicopter’s chief limitation is its mph deficiency.
There’s Music in the Air for Airplane Travelers
AS THEY fly to their destinations, passengers on planes of a major transcontinental air line can now listen to broadcast radio programs. Stations are tuned in on a master set and the programs are piped to individual loudspeakers housed in padded units that hang over the seat backs of those passengers who desire to listen in.
Butyl ‘n Beautyon display at left herald a new style automobile inner tube designed to prevent the rapid deflation of air in the event of a puncture. Waffle-like construction causes a squeezing action around nail holes. Butyl is a synthetic rubber which retains air better than the natural product. The beauty—not synthetic—is Rae Caldwell.
As opposed to the walking kind?
Also, henceforth I am going to use the spelling “computor”.
By the way, if you’re at all interested, this army training video detailing how an mechanical fire control computer works is amazing.
Flying Missiles CAN Be Stopped!
Here is a sure-fire plan to down supersonic rockets like ducks—and wipe out the terror of sneak attacks.
By Frank Tinsley
HITLER was right when he ranted about the fearful havoc a “secret weapon” would wreak on his enemies. His V-2 rockets unleashed such terror on battered Britain that they nearly won the war—for the Nazis. For there was absolutely no defense against these mighty 3500-mph missiles—and no way to tell when—or where—they would strike next.
EMERGENCY FLOATS being tried here by Sikorsky S-55 helicopter can be inflated by pilot for any unscheduled landings on water.
TV COMBAT CAMERA developed by Army enables scout to send up-to-the-minute battle pictures to command post.
VACUUM CLEANER built by U. S. Hoffman Machinery Corp. weighs 15 tons, cleans runways of rubble to protect jet intakes.
SHOPPER’S MAILBOX, newly designed for people carrying a week’s provisions from the supermarket, was tried out recently in Washington, D. C. Foot pedal should be useful during Christmas rush.