Archive
War
Off-Center Radar Picture Tube Gives Added Forward Vision (Dec, 1955)

This is pretty remarkable. Apparently the best way to filter the results of a radar, even in as late as 1955 was to actually build the display CRT so that it just cut off part of the rear signal and fit in more of the forward signal. As opposed to some sort of tunable electronics that would allow you to change the scale and proportion displayed. This seems sort of wasteful since they obviously have front and rear signals that go out to 50 miles but are perfectly happy throwing that data away…

Off-Center Radar Picture Tube Gives Added Forward Vision

Ships can “see” 50 miles ahead and 30 miles behind with a special radar cathode-ray tube. General Electric, which developed it, calls it the “far-sighted, nearsighted radar indicator tube.” Engineers built the first tube by taking a standard 17-inch TV picture tube and installing a different phosphor screen and electron gun. Then they bent the glass neck of the tube five degrees so that the electron gun would give an off-center indication on the screen. The tube, used on Navy cargo vessels, gives added forward vision without the addition of a larger tube and a more expensive radar set.

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New Weapons for the Next War (Nov, 1931)

New Weapons for the Next War

by JAY EARLE MILLER

The last war saw the development of tanks, flame throwers, poison gases and airplanes as war weapons—what will the next war bring forth? Little-known facts about the latest death-dealing weapons and the defenses developed to draw their fangs are set forth by Mr. Miller in this absorbing and authoritative article.

A GERMAN patrol of Uhlans, the sunlight glinting on their polished helmets and the tips of their long lances, rode out of the woods above the Marne and down toward a small copse where a scouting detachment of Algerian cavalry, with drawn sabres, laid in wait for them.

The time is mid-August, 1914, just seventeen years ago, and the description is from a recently published volume of war memoirs by a French cavalry officer. Imagine the scene—lances against sabers. Here’s another war-volume, “Fighting Fury”, the autobiography of Major James Mc-Cudden, V. C, the famous “Jimmy” McCudden of the British Royal Air Force, who shot down fifty-seven German machines before he lost his life in an accident. Just seventeen years ago today (August 22, 1914) he, with the British air force in France, saw his first German machine. The ground crew turned out to take pot shots at it with rifles while six English planes took off, armed with home-made hand grenades, in an effort to bomb it down.

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MOBILIZING MATERIALS (Dec, 1940)

MOBILIZING MATERIALS

By ARTHUR GRAHAME

A TELEPHONE bell rang in the office of Edward R. Stettinius Jr., chief of the National Defense Advisory Commission’s materials division. It was the Chinese Embassy calling.

A sizable quantity of tungsten had just become available in Indo-China. Would the “United States be interested?

It most certainly would. Three calls by Stettinius brought quick results. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation would supply funds for the purchase. The Procurement Division of the Treasury would instruct one of its agents to do the buying. The Maritime Commission would arrange shipment. Next day, the tungsten was aboard an American ship, on its way to the U. S. A.

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Unshackle Him! (Nov, 1940)

Unshackle Him!

When “Ding” penned this cartoon some months ago, America’s great defense program was just beginning to roll. Today, industry has gone to war. Our powerful industrial giant is slipping free of his shackles and the smoke of activity is pluming from the nation’s factories. To provide our readers with an authoritative background against which to project the news of the day, POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY presents on the following pages the first of a series of dramatic articles revealing just how industry is being mobilized to arm Uncle Sam’s vast forces of defense for guarding our country against the danger of attack from any quarter.

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Early Cluster Bomb: Molotov’s Bread Basket (Jul, 1940)

Big Russian Bomb Holds Sixty Little Ones

Whirling down from the sky, a gigantic aerial bomb employed by Russian aircraft breaks open before it strikes the ground, to release and spread a deadly cargo of small incendiary bombs over a wide area. Nicknamed “Molotov’s bread basket,” after Viacheslav M. Molotov, Russian Commissar for Foreign Affairs, the mammoth bomb is seven and a half feet long and over two feet in diameter. Vanes at its tail cause it to whirl when released from the rack of a bombing plane. This action ultimately opens the steel sides, allowing sixty small incendiary bombs within it to hurtle outward in all directions and plummet earthward to set fire to any inflammable object on the ground within a broad circle. First used in actual warfare against Finland, the bomb was employed to set fire to towns whose houses were constructed of wood.

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FUTURE GI (May, 1959)

FUTURE GI. Keyhole peek at what the atomic war’s fighting men may wear. New Army developments shown at Fort Ord, Cal., are this transistor-radio helmet, heat-resistant mask, nylon armored vest and automatic aluminum-alloy rifle that fires at a rate of 700 rounds a minute.

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Britain’s Walls of Fire (Sep, 1945)

A vertical flame thrower is certainly an cool looking, if not terribly practical idea.

Britain’s Walls of Fire

Awesome flame defenses protected Britain against Nazi invasion in 1940

FIVE years after Britain’s darkest days, when invasion threatened hourly, it is revealed that a barrier of flame would have met the Nazis if they had attempted to storm the English coast. The coast and adjacent waters would have been set afire. Oil tanks were sunk in hillsides; pipelines ran out under the sea.

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Beating Bombs Into Mufflers (Oct, 1947)

Beating Bombs Into Mufflers
PRACTICE air bombs, left over from the war, are being converted to a peacetime job. Air Forces trucks and autos in Germany urgently need mufflers, so the Bruck Air Ordnance Depot at Nuremberg is making them from surplus-bomb stocks.

The project, started late in 1946, Has already turned out more than 4,600 truck mufflers. Now the production line is well into an order for 2,200 jeep mufflers. Capacity is 600 of these a week.

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Polish Plane Packs Guns in Its Pants (Nov, 1939)

Polish Plane Packs Guns in Its Pants
War planes now even carry guns in their “pants.” The illustration at right, of a new Polish fighting craft, shows how a machine gun is attached to the streamline fairing of the undercarriage. Like other guns installed in the plane, it is fired by remote control from the cockpit, as the pilot points his machine head-on at the target. In contrast, designers of American fighting planes prefer to mount the guns elsewhere, so that the landing gear may be retracted in flight for less wind resistance and greater speed.

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Tank Walks Tight Rope of Bridge Piles (Aug, 1939)

Tank Walks Tight Rope of Bridge Piles
Like a Gargantuan beast stalking along a giant’s tight rope, an armored Russian tank is pictured in the unusual photograph above crossing a stream by rumbling over the tops of the piles of a dismantled bridge. The shot was made during the filming of a motion picture built around the activities of the Red Army, for release as part of a celebration marking the twenty-first anniversary of the founding of the Soviet fighting forces.

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