Sculptress Models Novel Desert Dwellings (Nov, 1934)

Sculptress Models Novel Desert Dwellings

COMMISSIONED by a wealthy merchant of Tunis, Africa, to design an unusual house, a Czecho-Slovakian sculptress responded by incorporating giant facsimiles of the features of household members in the exterior of the dwelling.

The merchant has two daughters, a son-in-law and a grandson, all of whom are shown in mammoth relief in the lines of the unusual structure. The eyes and mouths of the huge figures serve as doors and windows”.

The unusual design was conceived by a Czecho-Slovakian artist, Mrs. Helen Zelezny.

  1. Blurgle says: October 1, 20073:20 pm

    “Mrs. Helen Zelezny” is better known in Europe as Helena Zelezny-Scholz, who spent her last years in Rome before her death in 1974.

  2. niels aage jensen says: October 28, 20076:27 am

    SCHOLZ – ZELEZNY, Helene (also: Zelezny, Zelezny – Scholz, Helena Scholzová¬-Železná), sculptor, * 16. 8. 1882 ChropynÄ› (District Kroměříž), + 18. 2. 1974 Roma (Italy).
    Her father was dr. Albert Scholz. She spent her early youth in fathers castle in Třebovice. Her mother Marie Stonawski (1861-1944) was a writer with pseudonym Maria Stona – she wrote novels, stories and poems and she led artistic salon in Třebovice.
    Helene S. visited drawing courses in Vienna and Dresden, studied statuary in Berlin (professor Fritz Heinemann). Her studies in Brusel between 1898 – 1901 were decisive (professor Charles van der Stappen). Ch. van der Stappen combined the stress on the basic of realistic sculpture with the French sensualism in his teaching and creation.
    Helen S. had merit in the action the exhibicion of work Charles van der Stappen in Ostrava in 1912. The town Brusel, one of the centres of modern art, symbolism and secession, was influenced Helene S. too. She stayed in Italy in 1907, during her studies, that is why she knew Italian sculpture. In 1913 she visited Tunis and also the castle Jánský vrch to visit cardinal Kopp, whose she portraited. She moved to Vienna at the beginning of the first World war.
    She acted in Paris, Florence and Roma between the World wars , but she didn‘t lose contact with her mother country (she was member of Vereinigung bildender Künstler Schle¬siens in Opava, she attended Třebovice, she exhibited in Museum Silesie in Opava). In 1930 she led the American cours of drawing, painting and sculpture etc. in Veselí na Moravě.
    She was the most significant representative of the sculpture of north Moravia and Silesia beside J. Obeth in the end of the 19. century and at the beginning of the 20. century.
    Subject matter her work are since her study years portraits, f.e. members of Habsburg family, Konrad v. Hötzendorf, Lady Sybil Grahamová, Benito Mussolini, T. G.Masaryk (1932) as well the monuments (for example the monuments of the first World wars victims) as well less allegoric works with biblical, oriental and literary inspiration.
    She exhibited in a big international exhibitions in Berlin and Vienna (1907), in Roma (palace Doria, 1932), in Paris (gallery Charpentier, 1934) etc.

    Allegory of the Drama and Music, 1907, town theatre in Moravská Ostrava (smash);
    Alois Scholzes tomb with the allegory of the sorrow, 1908-9, Gratz;
    Allegory justice, 1914, judicial building, Fryštát;
    tomb sculpture on the grave dr. Ostrčil, 1924, Praha-Olšany;
    cenotaph, 1930, Těšín (smash);
    cycle of 10 reliefs of the life the saintess, 1936, church St. Hedvika, Opava;
    Her work in the collection of the castle Hradec nad Moravicí, several plastices and drawings in Museum Silesie in Opava, some works in Gallery of the Fine Arts in Ostrava, in National gallery in Prag and private collectors.

    Aus der Jugend einer Bildhauerin, Tagenbuchblätter aus den Jahren 1908-1917. Roma 1972.
    Jessen, J.: Deutsche Bildhauerinnen. In: Der Bazar (Berlin) 20. 1. 1908;
    Deutsche Heimat (Sudetendeutsche Monatshefte) 4, 1928, 16, 43 a 48;
    Das Bild (Karlsruhe) 12, 1942, 124, 131-136, 141;
    Strinati, R.: Elena Z. – Sch., Scultrice. Roma 1957;
    Spidlik, T.: Sculptured Prayer. Roma 1968;
    Mann, A.: Portrait Sculpture 1917-1970. Roma 1970;
    H. Z.¬Sch. Sculpturess. My dear Pupils. Roma 1973;
    H. Z. – Sch. Nachlese. Roma 1974;

    Thesis (in Czech):
    Jůza, Jiří.: H. Z.-Sch., zapomenutá sochařka 1. poloviny 20. století. Diplomová prá¬ce FF UP Olomouc. Olomouc 1996.

    I used literature:
    Biografický slovník Slezska a severní Moravy. Sešit 11. Ostrava, Ostravská univerzita, 1998, s. 123-124.

    The photos are from:

    Tomb of the poet Maria Stona and of her family. In: Dějiny Ostravy. Ostrava : Sfinga, 1993, p. 602).

    1 of 10 reliefs of the life the saintess in church St. Hedvika, Opava 1936, foto J. Novák.
    in: Gebauer, Josef. Chrám sv. Hedviky v Opavě. In: Vlastivědné listy, 1994, Vol. 20, Nr. 1, p. 21-23.

    Helene Scholz-Zelezny. In: SMETANOVÁ, J. TGM. Praha : Primus, 1996, p. 191.

    The Common and Feast Days, bronze, 1933, gallery in Ostrava
    T.G.Masaryk, bronze, 1933, Museum Silesie in Opava
    The Thoughtful, bronze, 1906, the castle Raduň
    The Melancholia, bronze, 1906, the castle Raduň
    Small statue Georg Brandes 1913
    The Slovak Family, bronze, 1933, the castle Raduň
    All in: Jůza, Jiří.: Helena Železná-Scholzová, zapomenutá sochařka 1. poloviny 20. století. In: Ostrava. Vol. 19. Šenov : Tilia, 1999, p. 147-175.

  3. Jim Runge says: August 21, 20119:55 am

    I am inquiring if anyone knows about the about the works of EZ-S. In particular, I’m interested in finding out about her three related pieces entitled, “The Three Stages of Womanhood.”

  4. Grace Barca says: September 9, 201110:59 pm

    Did Helen Zelezny have a son?
    If so, what was his name?

Submit comment

You must be logged in to post a comment.