Tag "ergonomics"
RELAX — and live longer (May, 1956)

I’m not sure that this is actually a practical way to design an ergonomic chair, but it’s a neat idea:

“…the Barcalounger, was developed by a German scientists, Anton Lorenz, to duplicate the effortless ease with which a person floats in bouyant water. Lorenz asked 35 people to don bathing suits and step, one at a time, into a glass tank of salt water. When each person felt most relaxed he pulled a string attached to a camera shutter, taking a picture of himself. A composite of the 35 exposures became the basis of the Barcalounger design.”

RELAX — and live longer

Tension may crack your health, poison your outlook, spoil your home life, hinder your career— unless you learn the techniques of releasing it.

By Lyman Gaylord

WHEN two-year-old Kenneth Liebman fell from a sixth-story window in New York, spectators froze in horror. Then, before their incredulous eyes, he got up and walked away unharmed. Was it a miracle that saved his life? No, answers a group of medical men, it was relaxation.

The experts explain that we lose our ability to relax as we become conditioned to the pressure of modern life. As adults, most of us are characterized by tension. When we fall we stiffen our bodies and not being able to bend, we break.

Science Takes the Measure of Man (Jul, 1961)

Science Takes the Measure of Man

Strange instruments are pointing the way to the shapes of tomorrow from hats to space cabins

By S. David Pursglove

FURNITURE for your future house, seats for next year’s cars, desks for new schools all are being designed by scientists who specialize in studying man’s past. The Air Force is leading the way and business and industry are following close behind—in using anthropology to make clothing fit better, seats more comfortable and working conditions safer and more efficient. The Air Force started using anthropology, the science that led to reconstruction of Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon man, to design pressure suits and other space-age clothing and equipment.

Furniture Calculator Suspends Person in Mid-Air to Determine Contours (May, 1952)

Furniture Calculator Suspends Person in Mid-Air to Determine Contours

With a simple rig that suspends a person in mid-air, furniture designers can tailor-make a chair to fit the exact body contours of the subject. Rudolph Jegrt, an art instructor in Milwaukee, Wis., invented the contour delineator, which consists of two panels of steel mesh and some steel rods. The mesh panels are mounted two feet apart. A basic chair design is envisioned, and the rods pushed through the mesh to form the contour. The subject then climbs into the “chair” and the rods are shifted to match the subject’s body lines.

Ergonomic Designer (Jul, 1940)

Designer Shapes Pens, Tools, and Glasses That Fit the Hands

Designing fountain pens, screw drivers, razors, and other common articles so that they are not only pleasing in appearance but also better adapted to their specific uses, is the job of Angelo Bisenz, New York City designer who calls his work “formo-genic designing.” A screw driver Bisenz designed, for example, has a handle formed to fit the contour of the hand, so that the tool handle will present its widest surface at the point where the hand will apply pressure on it. The same attempt to fit the instrument to the hand of the user is seen in his designs for a fountain pen and a drinking glass, illustrated on this page. In the latter case, the tumbler is provided with indentations that allow the fingers to grip it easily, while one side is rounded to fit neatly into the palm.