Millions for a Scent
Take one last deep sniff, fellows, ’cause the perfume scientists are hell-bent on smelling up the world.
By Lester David
SCIENCE is smelling up the world, but sweetly.
Sniff cautiously at your beat-up spare tire. It might smell like a garden bed in springtime. Uncork the pot of glue on your workbench. The pungent aroma of a northwoods pine grove may seep out. Put your nostrils close to a can of paint, a bottle of furniture polish, a container of fly spray. They’re fragrant jasmin, mysterious roseau and sharp-scented saffron!
Every headline sounds better if you stick the word “Atomic” in it. Even if you’re talking about a centuries old technique for making swords.
Swords for the Atomic Age
Wilkinson blades gleamed at Waterloo and Balaclava and are still being made for military ceremonies.
IF YOU need a sword the place to get it is Wilkinson’s Sword Company, London (Est. 1772). Wilkinson’s makes dress and ceremonial swords for the military of Britain, Canada and the U.S. The big two-handed Stalingrad sword Churchill presented to Stalin at Teheran was forged at Wilkinson’s. Keen and well-tempered as the old fighting weapon, the dress sword is judged chiefly for its beauty of workmanship and the way the embossing on the blade tells the story of a regiment or of a glorious martial event.
Cellophane is Born
By A. P. PECK
1. From forest giant to Cellophane is a long stride made possible by chemical research. For the manufacture of Cellophane, the Du Pont Company buys wood pulp—purified cellulose—in square sheets, soaks them in a caustic soda solution (above); the result is “alkali cellulose”.
2. Damp alkali cellulose is shredded into small fluffy particles, aged for two to three days in order that later steps in production may be carried out successfully. Above: Unloading ground-up chemically treated cellulose from shredder.
MECHANICAL ARTISTS BLOW GLASS BOTTLES
Age-old art of lung-powered glass blowing gives way to puffing, snorting robots of almost human intelligence, capable of turning out 115 bottles a minute.
by Harold L. Zimmer
HAVE you ever picked up a soda or medicine bottle and wondered just how anything so perfect could be turned out in such huge numbers? Perhaps through your mind has flashed the heroic picture of countless, ruddy-cheeked men, industriously blowing away on long tubes, the respective ends of which are covered with round, glowing balls of hot glass.
HOW ICE CREAM IS MADE
Prepared by the Armstrong Cork Company, makers of Industrial Insulations, in cooperation with the International Association of Ice Cream Manufacturers
They say Dolly Madison introduced ice cream to America. When she first served it at the White House she probably hoped it would become popular, but she never dreamed of the big plants and automatic equipment that now produce thousands of gallons and dozens of flavors.
From Rubber Tree to Tennis Balls
NEXT time you drive a well-placed tennis shot just out of reach of your opponent’s racket, give some of the credit to the expert craftsmen who made the ball. How men and machines can turn out an endless stream of the white spheres, each an exact match for its predecessor in weight, balance, and liveliness, is shown in the unusual series of views reproduced on this page.
How Your Glassware Is Made
By George H. Waltz, Jr.
TWO opposite extremes in manufacturing —meticulous handwork by skilled craftsmen and high-speed mass production performed by automatic machines—provide the wide variety of household glassware we use each day.
Up until 1903, all types of table glassware, ranging from tumblers to vases, were either hand-pressed or hand-blown by master artisans. Then came what is considered to be the greatest single advance in the 5,000-year history of glassmaking—the perfection of an automatic glass-blowing machine that put glassmaking on the production line.
Robot Production Line Makes 3 Radios a Minute
THE so-called “printed” radio sets are still new on the American scene, but they are rapidly becoming common items in England. A new factory near London is using a robot machine (above) which takes the plastic molding in one end and delivers the printed circuits from the other end at the rate of three a minute. It would take about 2,000 workers to do the same job by hand.
A Hundred Miles of Cookies Every Day
USING complicated machines, modern bakeries turn out millions of cookies every day to satisfy the American sweet tooth.
MUCH has been said of quantity production, and in the public mind the term usually is associated with motor car assembling. But the process of continuous manufacture was in use in other industries long before the automobile achieved its remarkable popularity.
You can read part I here.
MODERN WONDERS of an Ancient Art Part II
By H. W. MAGEE
IMAGINE a metal house coated with glass, a home with all the delicate coloring and enduring beauty, inside and out, of age-old cloisonne.
The development of porcelain enameled iron for architectural purposes makes such a home both possible and practical. As a building material, porcelain enameled iron—actually a form of glass fused on to a metal base—offers an admirable union of utility and beauty for it possesses the strength of metal plus the hardness and permanence of glass. It can be produced in any hue or combination of hues in the mineral spectrum, it is colorfast, impervious to weather, non-porous, rustproof and can be made acid-resisting. And it is good for a lifetime of service.