Are Closer Than You Think High-payload atom-powered jet flying-boats within the next five to ten years: that’s MPs prediction, based on a study of design trends and necessities.
By Frank Tinsley
THE buckaroos of science are breaking the atom to harness at a fantastic rate. In just 15 short years, fission has grown from a super-secret equation whispered in a President’s ear to a solidly established 14-billion dollar industry. The hectic stage of A-and H-bomb monopoly is fast giving way to a happier and less explosive phase of atomic development. Late last year Congress enacted the Atomic Energy Act of 1954; directing that the atom’s neglected humanitarian potential be put to work “to promote world peace, promote the general welfare and increase the standard of living.” Along with this, President Eisenhower launched his World Atoms-For-Peace Program to spur the exchange of knowledge and the rapid development of international atomic power projects of all kinds.
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Finding Radium Inside a Pig
RADIUM, used in hospital work inside tiny “needles,” may easily be mislaid; and a thousand dollars’ worth is almost invisible to the eye. Recently a tube disappeared from a hospital at Sioux Falls, S. D., and, though only 3/4″ x 1/16″, represented $3,000 value. A couple of scientists promptly improvised a radium finder from a glass flash and a strip of gold leaf and went over to the dumping ground. Strong indications of radioactivity â€”the leaf of gold in the homemade electroscope collapsingâ€”were found whenever a certain pig was approached. So the pig was converted into sausage material, and in its stomach was found the little radium capsuleâ€” to the surprise of the pig’s proprietor.
The principle of the electroscope is that when it is charged, the same electrical polarityâ€”whether positive or negativeâ€”is on the insulated metal rod through the stopper of sulphur, or other high insulator, and on the gold leaf attached to the rod. The gold leaf is repelled, and stands out at a high angle, until the electroscope is discharged. But if ultra-violet light, or radium rays, fall on the flask, the air inside it becomes ionized (electrified) and conductive; the charge immediately leaks off the rod and the leaf falls.
This man was later diagnosed with the only known case of wrist cancer.
Radioactive Safety-Control System
Radioactive crystals and Geiger tubes make a punch press at a United Air Lines maintenance base accident proof. Operators of the press wear wristbands containing the “hot” crystals. Three Geiger tubes enclose the punching area. If hands stray into danger, the tubes pick up radiation from the wristbands and instantly halt the machine â€”even in midstroke. The machine will not run unless the operator wears the bands.
If only the military analysts for the New York Times had shown the same moral conviction a few years ago:
Should we then, attack Russia now before she has the bombâ€”wage a “preventive” war against herâ€”to protect ourselves against possible future atomic attack?
The answer is emphatically “No!”
The reasons are many.
First, such a course would be morally wrong. We would be putting ourselves in the same class as the Nazis we hanged in Germany. We cannot attack another nation merely because we are afraid.
Has Russia the Atom Bomb?
BY HANSON W. BALDWIN
Military Analyst, New York Times; Graduate, U.S. Naval Academy
DOES Russia have the atom bomb?
Soviet Foreign Minister Molotoff and his mouthpiece Vishinsky have stated that the Russians know the “secret” of the bomb.
They undoubtedly do, but that does not mean that Russia has been able to build a bomb. In my opinion they have not produced an atomic bomb to date of writingâ€” but they will. Intelligence informationâ€”unofficial and inconclusive but indicativeâ€”says “no bomb yet.”
Our own experience in manufacturing and producing atomic bombs also supports this conclusion.
Here is an amazing, huge National Geographic article/pictorial about the state of nuclear science and technology in 1958. Be sure to check out this crazy picture of mice being taped down on a model train that’s about to be driven through a particle accelerator.
YOU AND THE OBEDIENT Atom
Abundant energy released from the hearts of atoms promises a vastly different and better tomorrow for all mankind
By ALLAN C. FISHER, JR.,
Senior Editorial Staff, National Geographic Magazine
THOUGH man may reach for the moon and the planets, he has found the richest of all new worlds behind the familiar face of his everyday environment. Here, deep in the mysterious cosmos of inner space, lies that world within a world, the powerful, obedient atom.
So small are nature’s basic building blocks that you could put 36 billion billion atoms on the head of a pin. Yet these unimaginably tiny particles work like genii at man’s bidding. Their peaceful energy is gradually shaping our world into a far better place.
’49 Uranium Rush
PROFESSIONAL and amateur prospectors by the thousands are literally leaving no stone unturned in the great uranium rush of ’49. The ores which yield atomic energy are being sought in every part of North America.
Excited by reports of government rewards, many of the prospectors are wasting their time in localities where uranium of worthwhile quality can hardly be expected to be found, though there is always a chance that someone may upset the convictions of mining engineers by making a “strike” in a new region.
The Atomic Energy Commission wants to see samples of any ores suspected of containing valuable amounts of radioactive materials, but prospectors are urged to make reasonable tests of their samples before submitting them. Misinformed or overly enthusiastic people have submitted hundreds of samples of worthless rocks, including ordinary concrete, to the commission.
If the A-Bombs Burst
Here is what to expect, what you can do today to prepare yourself, what you can do then to survive
By Clifford B. Hicks
8:15 a.m., August 6, 1945. A single plane flies over the city. The only warning is a blinding flash of light. A ball of fire explodes in the sky, hanging there for a moment as it grows in size and fury. Then in a crackling instant the world’s second atomic explosion races down to strike the earth at a spot called Hiroshima.
Sixty seconds later 70,000 Japanese are dead, caught above ground. The heart of the city has been blasted into rubble which still plummets down on the dead and dying.
10:15 a.m., January 2, 1950. A stenographer in Manhattan shrugs her shoulders over her mid-morning cup of coffee and says to her girl friend, “I’m tellin’ you, there’s nothing you can do to save yourself â€”just one bomb will wipe out New York. Me, I’m headin’ for the country if things get worse.”
At the same moment the sky above Chicago’s Loop is split by a bright flash of lightning from a sudden winter storm. A nervous executive freezes in terror for an instant, then smiles sheepishly as he returns to the morning mail. But he can’t help wondering whether the bomb would demolish his home and kill his family in a suburb 14 miles away.
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Uranium For Sale
A-metal goes on market, and other odd metals find new uses as they step out of chemistry boohs into everyday living.
By Alden P. Armagnac
WANT to buy some uranium? You can, now, for the A-metal’s on the market. Just explain to the New York licensing division of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission what you want it for, satisfy them that you’re a reputable researcher, and you’ll get a license entitling you to send in an order.
To meet legitimate needs, the AEC has authorized the sale of 200 pounds of uranium through normal commercial chemical channels. That’s news, because in recent years every available ounce of the silvery metal has been earmarked as a source of fissionable material for A-bombs and chain-reacting piles.