TRICK Drawings From PHOTOS (Apr, 1938)

Wow, he looks 20 years younger in the drawing. Will you be his valentine?

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TRICK Drawings From PHOTOS

MANY novel effects can be obtained by means of a simple process of converting ordinary photographic prints into black-and-white or colored line drawings. For engineering and other technical purposes, unnecessary or unimportant parts of machinery can be eliminated from a picture and the main structure thus given increased emphasis. For purposes of general illustration—serious or humorous—the faces or figures of people can be exaggerated or caricatured, double pictures built up, extra features inserted, etc. Comparatively little drawing ability is required, as the original print serves as a guide.

The accompanying illustrations show two typical trick drawings made from photographs. The beach chair was selected as a simple exercise because its lines are straight and were readily drawn in with T square and triangles. If this drawing were required for a construction project, the actual dimensions could be ruled in very easily, and the finished illustration would be a complete and easily followed perspective.

The second pictures show how an otherwise formal and dignified portrait can be turned into a comic Valentine card, with a “balloon” coming out of the pipe. The possibilities in this direction are practically limitless.

The most important requirement is that the print be on smooth or semi-matte paper. Glossy paper is absolutely unsuited for the stunt. Pin the print to a drawing board, and use ordinary drafting or art instruments. The ink can be of any color, as long as it is the waterproof kind. Simply ink in whatever you want to remain in the picture, or add lines wherever desirable. Use T-squares, triangles, French curves, compasses, brushes, etc., as aids. You can even do good work with an ordinary fountain pen.

Be careful to let each line dry before you run the T-square or triangle over it. If you attempt to make erasures, you are likely to remove the thin layer of emulsion that constitutes the picture image.

Use as many different colors of ink as you like. However, if you are preparing an illustration for reproduction for printing purposes, use black only.

Two chemical solutions are required. The first is for bleaching, the second for fixing. The bleaching bath consists of the following:
Iodine crystals (NOT tincture of iodine sold for antiseptic purposes)—60 grains or 7-3/4 gm.
Potassium iodide—180 grains or 23-1/4 gm.
Cold water—20 oz. or 592 ml.

Iodine crystals are sold in small glass-stoppered bottles. Don’t let any of it touch your fingers. The mixture becomes deep red in color with the addition of the potassium iodide, and must be stirred thoroughly with a glass rod until all the crystals have dissolved. A quart bottle is handy as a container.

The fixing bath consists merely of 4 oz. or 113.4 gm. of ordinary photographic hypo in 20 oz. or 592 ml. of cold water.

Pour the solutions into two trays. Immerse the inked-in print in the iodine bath and keep it there for about two minutes. The entire image will appear to be blotted out with red, but don’t be alarmed. Pull out the print with a pair of tongs, let it drain for a second or two, and then immerse it in the hypo tray. In about a minute the red tone will fade out, and in about five minutes the photographic image will disappear completely. All that will remain will be the inked lines, appearing against a perfectly white background.

Let the print “fix” in the hypo for about fifteen minutes. Then wash it in running water for about 30 minutes, and dry between blotters just as with regular photo prints.

This entire “silver printing” process is carried out in full room illumination. No darkroom is necessary.

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